Before you download, please note that each picture must be credited in the following manner: ‘WaterAid/Photographer’s Name’. A picture may only be reproduced with or in the spirit of the accompanying caption.

Source file:

Alternative sizes:

Credit:WaterAid/ Chileshe Chanda
Usage Rights:Images may be used for all purposes, globally, in perpetuity.
Images may be supplied to third parties.
5472 x 3648px
Case Study:Hazel Shandumba

Hazel is 27 and from Hamakando Village in Monze District in Zambia.

What’s in the bag?
- Baby blanket
- Cotton wool
- Sarong (Chitenge)
- A baby suit
- Napkins
- A dish for water to wash with
- A polythene roll to put on the delivery bed to maintain personal hygiene as there is not enough water and time to clean the delivery bed

“We have a borehole at the clinic but there is no running water in the maternity ward.

“I have heard elderly women telling different do and don’ts for a pregnant woman like me. One of the things I was told is not to sleep too much during daytime. I was told if I do, the baby would also sleep at the time of delivery. I am not supposed to stand in the doorway because the baby will do the same while being delivered and will delay. The other thing I was told is not to put a scarf or necklace around my neck during pregnancy because the baby’s umbilical cord will wrap around the neck. It’s the same with a wrap (Chitenge) around my waist.”